I first mentioned Peak Water as an upcoming problem in 2010. At that time, water was viewed by many in the industrialized world as a free or nearly free resource. Some people even viewed it as a problem when they were flooding.
Now, the idea is becoming much more mainstream. It’s on http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGM07RpjCfw. It’s also in The Guardian in an article dated 8-Feb-2014. Rural communities are finding their water supplies drying up. 1 billion people do not have reliable access to safe drinking water. California, Brazil, the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia, and China are among the hardest hit regions and nations by this water loss. There are a number of reasons for it. Fracking using a great deal of fresh water making it undrinkable permanently is one cause. Climate change is another. The demand made by cities for huge quantities of water is another.
Regardless of the reason, people without water are desperate with nothing to lose. Their lives will not last more than a week without water. Desperate people take desperate actions. If it’s sudden, they may rise up in a revolt, terrorism, or organic invasion of a neighboring area believed to have water. If it’s slower-advancing and long-term, they may be looking to migrate. There is no more “frontier” to homestead and frontier as there was in the 18th and 19th centuries. No one is going to take in huge numbers of immigrants and water refugees. These desperate people or their equally desperate governments may declare war. Some of the hardest-hit areas have had strife for decades or centuries – and this lack of water will not help anything!